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Installing Java on Ubuntu with apt-get
Introduction to JavaMany articles and programs will require you to have Java Installed. In this tutorial we will teach you how to install and manage different versions for Java.
Installing default JRE/JDKThis is the most recommended option due to its ease; it will install OpenJDK on Ubuntu 12.04 and earlier. Note that anything above 12.10 will install OpenJDK 7. Getting Java installed with apt-get is easy. Begin with updating the package index using the below command.
sudo apt-get updateAfter that, check if Java is not already installed.
java -versionIf case it returns ‘The program java can be found in the following packages’, it will mean that Java did not yet install. Use the command in the following.
sudo apt-get install default-jreThe command will install Java Runtime Environment (JRE). If you wanted the Java Development Kit (JDK) which is typically used to compile Java applications like Apache Ant, Apache Maven, Eclipse, and IntelliJ IDEA, then use the following command.
sudo apt-get install default-jdkThis is all you need to install Java. The next few steps are optional and should only be executed If needed.
Getting OpenJDK 7 Installed.Install OpenJDK 7 using the following command.
sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jreThat should install the Java Runtime Environment. If you need the Java Development Kit then use the command in the following.
sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk
Installing Oracle JDKThe Oracle JDK is the official JDK. However, it is not provided by Oracle any longer as a default Installation for Ubuntu. You can still install it with apt-get. To install any version, use the following commands.
sudo apt-get install python-software-properties sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java sudo apt-get updateIf you would like to install a specific version of Oracle JDK, use one of the following commands. Oracle JDK 6 This is an old version, but it is still used.
sudo apt-get install oracle-java6-installerOracle JDK 7 JDK 7 is the latest stable version.
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installerOracle JDK 8 This is a developer preview version.
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer
Managing your JavaIf you have multiple Java Installations on your Droplet, you can choose which Java version to use as default. In order to do this, use the command below.
sudo update-alternatives --config javaIt should return something like that which is shown below If you had 2 Installations. There are 2 choices for the alternative java (providing /usr/bin/java).
Selection Path Priority Status ------------------------------------------------------------ * 0 /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-oracle/jre/bin/java 1062 auto mode 1 /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk-amd64/jre/bin/java 1061 manual mode 2 /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-oracle/jre/bin/java 1062 manual mode Press enter to keep the current choice[*], or type selection number:You may choose which number you want to use as default. This could also be made for the Java compiler (javac).
sudo update-alternatives --config javacThis should be the same selection screen like shown in the previous command and needs to be used in the same way. This command may be executed for any other commands which can possibly have different installations. In Jav this includes, but is not restricted to, keytool, javadoc and jarsigner.
Setting the “JAVA_HOME” environment variableTo select the ‘JAVA_HOME’ environment variable, which is required for a couple of programs, use the following command in order to find out what the path of your Java installation is.
sudo update-alternatives --config javaIt will return something like the following. There should be 2 choices for the alternative java (providing /usr/bin/java).
Selection Path Priority Status ------------------------------------------------------------ * 0 /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-oracle/jre/bin/java 1062 auto mode 1 /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk-amd64/jre/bin/java 1061 manual mode 2 /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-oracle/jre/bin/java 1062 manual mode Press enter to keep the current choice[*], or type selection number:The path of the installation is for each. /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-oracle /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk-amd64 /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-oracle Copy the path from your preferred installation and then edit the file ‘/etc/environment’.
sudo nano /etc/environmentIn this file, add the following line replacing ‘YOUR_PATH’ with the just copied path.
JAVA_HOME="YOUR_PATH"This will be enough to select the environment variable. Now reload the file.
source /etc/environmentTest it by executing the below.
echo $JAVA_HOMEIn case it returns the just set path, the environment variable has been set successfully. If it does not do this, please make sure you followed all steps correctly.
ConclusionNow you should have Java Installed on your Ubuntu system.
Updated on 03 Oct 2017
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