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Installing Fuel CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

13 Oct 2018 2 8  0

Fuel CMS is a CodeIgniter based content management system. Its source code is hosted on GitHub.

In this tutorial we will teach you how to install Fuel CMS on a fresh Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Vultr instance.

Server Requirements

  • Nginx or Apache server with .htaccess. This tutorial will use Nginx.
  • PHP version 5.4 or greater.
  • A MySQL 5.0 (or newer) database if using the Fuel admin. Currently it does not support other databases.

 

Before you begin

Check the Ubuntu version.

lsb_release -ds
# Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS

 

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.

adduser johndoe --gecos "John Doe"
usermod -aG sudo johndoe
su - johndoe

 

NOTE: Replace ‘johndoe’ with your username.

Set up the timezone.

sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

 

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

 

Step 1 – Install PHP, MySQL and Nginx

Download and install PHP.

sudo apt install -y php7.0 php7.0-cli php7.0-fpm php7.0-mysql

 

Check PHP version.

php --version

 

Install MySQL.

sudo apt install -y mysql-server

 

Check MySQL version.

mysql --version

 

Run the ‘mysql_secure_installation’ script.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

 

Log in to MySQL as the root user.

mysql -u root -p

 

Create a new MySQL database and user; be sure to remember the credentials.

create database dbname;

grant all on dbname.* to 'username' identified by 'password';

flush privileges;

Exit MySQL.

exit

Install Nginx.

sudo apt install -y nginx

 

Check Nginx version.

sudo nginx -v

 

Configure Nginx.

sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/fuel.conf

 

Copy/paste the following directives.

server {

    listen 80;

    root /var/www/fuel;

    index index.php index.html index.htm;

    server_name example.com;




    location / {

        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?q=$uri&$args;

    }




    location ~ \.php$ {

        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock; # Check this

        fastcgi_index index.php;

        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

        include fastcgi_params;

    }

}

 

Activate the new ‘fuel.conf’ configuration by linking the file to the sites-enabled directory.

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/fuel.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

 

Test Nginx configuration.

sudo nginx -t

 

Reload Nginx.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

 

Step 2 – Install Fuel CMS

Create the document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/fuel

 

Change ownership of the ‘/var/www/fuel’ directory to ‘johndoe’.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/fuel

 

Install unzip.

sudo apt install unzip

 

Download the latest release of Fuel CMS.

cd /var/www/fuel
wget https://github.com/daylightstudio/FUEL-CMS/archive/master.zip
unzip master.zip
rm master.zip
mv FUEL-CMS-master/* .
rm -rf FUEL-CMS-master

 

Configure the ‘fuel/application/config/database.php’ file with the proper database connection settings.

vim fuel/application/config/database.php

 

Import the ‘fuel/install/fuel_schema.sql’ file into the newly created database.

mysql -u username -p password < fuel/install/fuel_schema.sql

 

NOTE: Replace username and password with your database credentials.

Change the ‘$config[‘encryption_key’]’ on line 327 found in the ‘fuel/application/config/config.php’ file. To generate a random key you can use the openssl tool.

vim fuel/application/config/config.php

 

Enable the admin backend by changing ‘$config[‘admin_enabled’] = FALSE;’ to ‘TRUE’.

vim fuel/application/config/MY_fuel.php

 

Change ownership of the ‘/var/www/fuel’ directory to ‘www-data’.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/fuel

 

Using your preferred web browser, open your site and follow the Fuel CMS installer. After following the installer, you will have Fuel CMS up and running. To access the Fuel admin area, append /fuel to your site URL. Use the following login credentials Username: ‘admin’ and Password: ‘admin’. After logging in, you need to change your admin password.

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