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How to Install Craft CMS on CentOS 7

How to Install Craft CMS on CentOS 7
How to Install Craft CMS on CentOS 7
  Craft CMS is an open source CMS written in PHP. Craft CMS source code is hosted on GitHub. This guide will show you how to install Craft CMS on a fresh CentOS 7 Vultr instance.    

Requirements

Server Requirements
  • PHP 5.3.0 – 7.1.x with safe mode disabled
  • MySQL 5.1.0 or later, with the InnoDB storage engine installed
  • A web server (Apache, Nginx, IIS)
  • A minimum of 32MB of memory allocated to PHP
  • A minimum of 20MB of free disk space
  • A minimum of 1MB of database space
  Required PHP Extensions
  • Reflection Extension
  • PCRE Extension
  • SPL Extension
  • PDO Extension
  • PDO MySQL Extension
  • Mcrypt Extension
  • GD Extension with FreeType Support (unless ImageMagick Extension is installed)
  • OpenSSL Extension
  • Multibyte String Extension
  • JSON Extension
  • cURL
  • crypt() with BLOWFISH_CRYPT enabled
  Optional PHP Extensions
  • DOM Extension
  • iconv Extension
  • ImageMagick Extension
  • SimpleXML

Before you begin

Check CentOS version.
cat /etc/centos-release
# CentOS Linux release 7.4.1708 (Core)
  Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.
useradd -c "John Doe" johndoe && passwd johndoe
usermod -aG wheel johndoe
su - johndoe
  NOTE: Replace ‘johndoe’ with your username. Set up the timezone.
timedatectl list-timezones
sudo timedatectl set-timezone 'Region/City'
  Ensure that your system is up to date.
sudo yum update -y
  Install required and useful packages.
sudo yum install -y wget vim unzip bash-completion
  Disable SELinux.
sudo setenforce 0
 

Step 1 – Install PHP and required PHP extensions

CentOS does not provide the latest PHP version in its default software repositories. You will need to add a Webtatic YUM repo.
sudo yum install -y php71w php71w-cli php71w-fpm php71w-mysql php71w-mcrypt php71w-gd php71w-mbstring php71w-json php71w-curl php71w-xml php71w-common
  Check the PHP version.
php --version

# PHP 7.1.14 (cli) (built: Feb  4 2018 09:05:29) ( NTS )

# Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group

# Zend Engine v3.1.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies
  Start and enable ‘php-fpm’ service.
sudo systemctl start php-fpm.service
sudo systemctl enable php-fpm.service
 

Step 2 – Install MariaDB and create database

Download and install MariaDB.
sudo vim /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo

# Copy/paste this to the /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo file

[mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = https://yum.mariadb.org/10.2/centos7-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1


sudo yum install -y MariaDB-server MariaDB-client
  Check MariaDB version.
mysql --version && mysqld --version
# mysql  Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.2.13-MariaDB, for Linux (x86_64) using readline 5.1
# mysqld  Ver 10.2.13-MariaDB for Linux on x86_64 (MariaDB Server)
  Start and enable MariaDB.
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service
  Run the ‘mysql_secure_installation’ script to improve the security of your MariaDB installation.
sudo mysql_secure_installation
  Log in to MariaDB as the root user.
mysql -u root -p
# Enter password:
Create a new MariaDB database and user, and remember the credentials.
create database dbname;
grant all on dbname.* to 'username' identified by 'password';
flush privileges;
Exit MySQL.
exit
 

Step 3 – Install and configure NGINX

Install NGINX server.
sudo yum install -y nginx
  Check NGINX version.
sudo nginx -v
# nginx version: nginx/1.12.2
  Start and enable NGINX service.
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service
  Configure NGINX. Run ‘sudo vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/craft.conf’ and copy/paste the following.
server {

  listen [::]:80;

  listen 80;




  server_name example.com;

  root /var/www/craft/public;




  index index.html index.htm index.php;

  charset utf-8;




  location / {

    try_files $uri/index.html $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;

  }




  location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {

    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;

    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;

    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;

    fastcgi_index index.php;

    include fastcgi_params;

    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;

    fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";      

  }

}
  Test the NGINX configuration.
sudo nginx -t
  Reload NGINX.
sudo systemctl reload nginx.service
 

Step 4 – Download and install Craft CMS

Create a document root directory.
sudo mkdir -p /var/www/craft
  Change the ownership of the ‘/var/www/craft’ directory to ‘johndoe’.
sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/craft
  Navigate to the document root.
cd /var/www/craft
  Download the latest stable release of Craft CMS.
wget https://download.craftcdn.com/craft/2.6/2.6.3012/Craft-2.6.3012.zip
Unzip Craft CMS.
unzip Craft-2.6.3012.zip
rm Craft-2.6.3012.zip
  Tell Craft how to connect to your database.
vim craft/config/db.php
  Change the ownership of the ‘/var/www/scraft’ directory to nginx.
sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/craft
  Run ‘sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf’ and set user and group to nginx. Initially, it will be set to user and group apache.
sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
# user = nginx
# group = nginx
Restart php-fpm.service.
sudo systemctl restart php-fpm.service
  Now that everything’s set up, point your browser to ‘http://example.com/admin’ and follow the Craft installer. To access Craft’s administrative interface, append ‘/admin’ to your IP/domain. Here are a few hand-picked guides for you to read next: Do let us know if you want to add any specific CMS or Linux topics into this tutorial series.    
Updated on 13 Oct 2018
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