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How to Install Craft CMS on CentOS 7

13 Oct 2018 1 7  0
How to Install Craft CMS on CentOS 7
How to Install Craft CMS on CentOS 7

 

Craft CMS is an open source CMS written in PHP. Craft CMS source code is hosted on GitHub. This guide will show you how to install Craft CMS on a fresh CentOS 7 Vultr instance.

Requirements

Server Requirements

  • PHP 5.3.0 – 7.1.x with safe mode disabled
  • MySQL 5.1.0 or later, with the InnoDB storage engine installed
  • A web server (Apache, Nginx, IIS)
  • A minimum of 32MB of memory allocated to PHP
  • A minimum of 20MB of free disk space
  • A minimum of 1MB of database space

 

Required PHP Extensions

  • Reflection Extension
  • PCRE Extension
  • SPL Extension
  • PDO Extension
  • PDO MySQL Extension
  • Mcrypt Extension
  • GD Extension with FreeType Support (unless ImageMagick Extension is installed)
  • OpenSSL Extension
  • Multibyte String Extension
  • JSON Extension
  • cURL
  • crypt() with BLOWFISH_CRYPT enabled

 

Optional PHP Extensions

  • DOM Extension
  • iconv Extension
  • ImageMagick Extension
  • SimpleXML

Before you begin

Check CentOS version.

cat /etc/centos-release
# CentOS Linux release 7.4.1708 (Core)

 

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.

useradd -c "John Doe" johndoe && passwd johndoe
usermod -aG wheel johndoe
su - johndoe

 

NOTE: Replace ‘johndoe’ with your username.

Set up the timezone.

timedatectl list-timezones
sudo timedatectl set-timezone 'Region/City'

 

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo yum update -y

 

Install required and useful packages.

sudo yum install -y wget vim unzip bash-completion

 

Disable SELinux.

sudo setenforce 0

 

Step 1 – Install PHP and required PHP extensions

CentOS does not provide the latest PHP version in its default software repositories. You will need to add a Webtatic YUM repo.

sudo yum install -y php71w php71w-cli php71w-fpm php71w-mysql php71w-mcrypt php71w-gd php71w-mbstring php71w-json php71w-curl php71w-xml php71w-common

 

Check the PHP version.

php --version

# PHP 7.1.14 (cli) (built: Feb  4 2018 09:05:29) ( NTS )

# Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group

# Zend Engine v3.1.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies

 

Start and enable ‘php-fpm’ service.

sudo systemctl start php-fpm.service
sudo systemctl enable php-fpm.service

 

Step 2 – Install MariaDB and create database

Download and install MariaDB.

sudo vim /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo

# Copy/paste this to the /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo file

[mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = https://yum.mariadb.org/10.2/centos7-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1


sudo yum install -y MariaDB-server MariaDB-client

 

Check MariaDB version.

mysql --version && mysqld --version
# mysql  Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.2.13-MariaDB, for Linux (x86_64) using readline 5.1
# mysqld  Ver 10.2.13-MariaDB for Linux on x86_64 (MariaDB Server)

 

Start and enable MariaDB.

sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

 

Run the ‘mysql_secure_installation’ script to improve the security of your MariaDB installation.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

 

Log in to MariaDB as the root user.

mysql -u root -p
# Enter password:
Create a new MariaDB database and user, and remember the credentials.
create database dbname;
grant all on dbname.* to 'username' identified by 'password';
flush privileges;
Exit MySQL.
exit

 

Step 3 – Install and configure NGINX

Install NGINX server.

sudo yum install -y nginx

 

Check NGINX version.

sudo nginx -v
# nginx version: nginx/1.12.2

 

Start and enable NGINX service.

sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

 

Configure NGINX. Run ‘sudo vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/craft.conf’ and copy/paste the following.

server {

  listen [::]:80;

  listen 80;




  server_name example.com;

  root /var/www/craft/public;




  index index.html index.htm index.php;

  charset utf-8;




  location / {

    try_files $uri/index.html $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;

  }




  location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {

    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;

    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;

    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;

    fastcgi_index index.php;

    include fastcgi_params;

    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;

    fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";      

  }

}

 

Test the NGINX configuration.

sudo nginx -t

 

Reload NGINX.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

 

Step 4 – Download and install Craft CMS

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/craft

 

Change the ownership of the ‘/var/www/craft’ directory to ‘johndoe’.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/craft

 

Navigate to the document root.

cd /var/www/craft

 

Download the latest stable release of Craft CMS.

wget https://download.craftcdn.com/craft/2.6/2.6.3012/Craft-2.6.3012.zip
Unzip Craft CMS.
unzip Craft-2.6.3012.zip
rm Craft-2.6.3012.zip

 

Tell Craft how to connect to your database.

vim craft/config/db.php

 

Change the ownership of the ‘/var/www/scraft’ directory to nginx.

sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/craft

 

Run ‘sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf’ and set user and group to nginx. Initially, it will be set to user and group apache.

sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
# user = nginx
# group = nginx
Restart php-fpm.service.
sudo systemctl restart php-fpm.service

 

Now that everything’s set up, point your browser to ‘http://example.com/admin’ and follow the Craft installer.

To access Craft’s administrative interface, append ‘/admin’ to your IP/domain.

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