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How to Install Cacti SNMP Monitoring Tool on Debian 9

How to Install Cacti SNMP Monitoring Tool on Debian 9
How to Install Cacti SNMP Monitoring Tool on Debian 9
  In this guide, we plan to teach you how to install Cacti on a Debian 9 server. Cacti is an open-source, web-based network graphing solution made in PHP and built on top of the industry-standard data logging tool RRDtool. Cacti has all information required in a MySQL database and it allows a user to poll services at a predetermined interval and then graphs the resulting data with RRDtool. This tutorial will work on different Linux VPS systems, too; however, it was made and experimented with on a Debian 9 VPS.

Step 1: Log in to your VPS via SSH

 
ssh [email protected]_IP

Step 2: Updating the System

sudo apt update && sudo apt -y upgrade

Step 3: Installing the MariaDB Server

Now we are going to install MariaDB 10.1 server from the official Debian repositories. Feel free to skip this step if you have MariaDB/MySQL server installed on your machine already. In order to have MariaDB installed, execute the command below:  
sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client

Step 4: Securing the MariaDB installation

After the MariaDB installation is done, execute the command below so the installation is secure:  
mysql_secure_installation

Step 5: Enabling Large Varchar Indexes

Modify your MariaDB/MySQL configuration and enable large varchar indexes:  
sudo nano /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cn

[mysqld]
innodb_file_format = Barracuda
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_large_prefix

character-set-server = utf8mb4
collation-server = utf8mb4_unicode_ci
skip-character-set-client-handshake
 

Step 6: Restarting MariaDB

Next, we will need to restart the MariaDB service in order for the changes to take effect:  
sudo systemctl restart mariadb

Step 7: Install Apache2, PHP, and other needed PHP modules.

Odds are that you’ve got Apache and PHP installed already on your machine, but in case you don’t, run the command below:  
sudo apt install apache2 php php-mysql php-snmp

Step 8: Installing Cacti

After Apache, PHP, and MariaDB have been installed, we may continue with the Cacti Installation. The simplest way to install Cacti on Debian 9 is to use the Cacti deb package from Debian’s apt repository. The command below should install Cacti and every necessary requirement along with the rrdtool:     The command below should install Cacti and every necessary requirement along with the rrdtool:
sudo apt install cacti snmpd
You will then be asked to answer a couple of questions. Configure database for cacti with dbconfig-common?   Choose Yes, then click on [enter] Please provide a password for cacti to register with the database server. If left blank, a random password will be generated. MySQL application password for cacti: Keep it empty and continue with enter: Please select the web server for which Cacti should be automatically configured Select “None” if you would like to configure the web server manually. Choose Apache and hit enter once more. Step 9: Set the Admin Password After the installation is done, set the admin password with the command below:  
mysql -u root -p -D cacti -e "update user_auth set password=md5('your_new_admin_password') where username='admin';"
This is all, you should now have Cacti successfully installed on your Debian 9 VPS. You may now log in to the Cacti web interface at http://YOUR_IP/cacti with the username admin and password your_new_admin_password.  
Updated on 05 Mar 2018
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